ʿAbd al-Razzāq’s Shīʿīsm and the Limits of Sunni Hadith Criticism

Introduction This study will delve into certain critical episodes in the lives of a number of very different men, men who may have subscribed to wildly different beliefs, lived in different time periods, and came from different places, yet are all interconnected by having an association of some sort with the famed Hadith scholar ʿAbd … Continue reading ʿAbd al-Razzāq’s Shīʿīsm and the Limits of Sunni Hadith Criticism

Tahrif or Not? A Shi’i Perspective on the Seven Ahruf Reports (Pt. III)

Introduction The first two parts of this series were devoted to summarizing the nature of the 'Seven Aḥruf' problem and tracing the evolution of the different interpretations that were advanced historically to deal with it[1]. In this part I lay out what I believe to be the solution, beginning by unveiling the true meaning of … Continue reading Tahrif or Not? A Shi’i Perspective on the Seven Ahruf Reports (Pt. III)

Tahrif or Not? A Shi’i Perspective on the Seven Ahruf Reports (Pt. II)

What Dialects? It is al-Ṭabarī (d. 310) who comes closest to deciphering the meaning of ‘the Qur’an was sent down per Seven Aḥruf’ when he interprets this prophetic statement as referring to seven different wordings being revealed for a common point in the Qur’an without changing the basic meaning. Al-Ṭabarī asserts that these alternative wordings … Continue reading Tahrif or Not? A Shi’i Perspective on the Seven Ahruf Reports (Pt. II)

Tahrif or Not? A Shi’i Perspective on the Seven Ahruf Reports (Pt. I)

Introduction Did the companions all recite the Qur’an in the same way? If not, did this variation go back to the prophet (he taught it differently to different companions) and ultimately the Divine Author, or was it a result of the natural human condition (they tried their utmost to remain faithful to the original prophetic … Continue reading Tahrif or Not? A Shi’i Perspective on the Seven Ahruf Reports (Pt. I)

How Rijālīs Know: The Case of al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Faḍḍāl

Introduction[1] I am often asked the question: How could the Rijālī authors like Ṭūsī and Najāshī pronounce verdicts on men who came much earlier than them – separated as they are by a chasm of a century or two? The answer lies in how we can speak of men who lived in the past in … Continue reading How Rijālīs Know: The Case of al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Faḍḍāl